Thirty-first week of pregnancy


Future child

Height - 40 cm, weight - 1700 g.

The child's growth slows down (about a centimeter or two per week), but the internal organs are actively developing. The child was able to breathe freely, his body produces red blood cells by itself (the bone marrow is responsible for this), he provided himself with warmth, having deposited enough subcutaneous fat.

This week, your baby begins to put on a new type of adipose tissue called white fat. Thanks to him, the skin does not take on a red, as before, but a pink color. The baby's nails have grown considerably and now almost reach the fingertips.

A child reacts to loud and harsh sounds just like an adult: he blinks his eyes in confusion and moves his arms and legs. An interesting fact is that he can still hear, although his eardrum is plugged with a "plug" of amniotic fluid and embryonic waste.

Scientists say that at this stage, the baby hears thanks to the bones of the skull. You can test this theory for yourself: if you put headphones through which sound is coming to your head, then you will hear everything, only a little quieter than if you put them directly on your ears.

Future mom

The average weight gain this week is about 10.5 kg. The height of the fundus of the uterus is 31 cm. Pain in the back and pelvis becomes almost familiar to you. But just remember that they should be quite tolerant and comparable to the pain of active shaping after a long break. Otherwise, you should consult your doctor.

Watch your legs for veins (see article 26 weeks pregnant) or swelling (see article 21 weeks pregnant).

In the last trimester of pregnancy, late toxicosis may appear, the worst form of which is the so-called preeclampsia, which flows into eclampsia (convulsions and loss of consciousness). The risk group includes women with nephritis or pyelonephritis, obesity and hypertension, if they have protein in the urine, edema, changes in reflexes, high blood pressure. Since eclampsia can be deadly for both mom and baby, you need to know its signs to determine the state of preeclampsia.

A woman has a headache, dizziness (with flashing "flies"), pain on the right under the ribs, vomiting. Puffiness in itself does not say anything, but in combination with the above symptoms, it can be a symptom of preeclampsia.

Serious signs are also sudden changes in pressure (120 to 70 is considered normal) and weight jumps (plus or minus a few kilograms per day).

To treat preeclampsia, see your doctor. Treatment involves bed rest (it is best to lie on your side, this increases blood flow to the placenta), you need to drink more, limit the intake of salt and foods containing sodium. Diuretic drugs are not recommended.

The good news is that preeclampsia is still relatively rare. Most pregnant women tolerate the third trimester well, eliminating the inconvenience of a large abdomen and their own clumsiness. Sometimes they can experience mild attacks of toxicosis: dizziness, motion sickness in transport, weakness, but usually the strength of such attacks cannot be compared with the toxicosis of the first weeks of pregnancy.

At about 30-32 weeks, CTG (cardiotocography) should be done, i.e. measurement of the baby's heartbeat. This procedure is rather long, 20-40 minutes, and is carried out in the LCD by a special appointment so as not to create a long queue.

Everything happens as follows: you come to the CTG, taking with you a diaper and a book. The book is needed so that it is not boring to lie for 40 minutes. It is not recommended to listen to the player, as the sound of the music may cause the baby to behave differently, for example, start to move actively, which will make the research data inaccurate.

The woman is placed on a special bed and special sensors connected to a device and a computer are attached to her stomach. If you turn on the sound, you can hear completely surreal knocks and howls, which, in fact, are nothing more than the beating of your baby's heart, his movements, uterine contractions and other activities inside you, including your own intestines.

It is necessary to lie with the sensors in complete rest, at this time the electronics will record the intervals between the baby's heartbeats, create a schedule of contractions, calculate the activity of the uterus, etc. After that, these data will be presented in the form of a graph, the interpretation of which can give the doctor-specialist data about the baby's condition, in particular the most important information - is there hypoxia or not (of course, in comparison with the data of other analyzes).

CTG is absolutely harmless for the baby and mother, there are no contraindications to it. When you give birth, a CTG device will most likely be connected to you in order to monitor the condition of the child and, in case of a sharp change in his cardiac activity, make a decision, for example, about a cesarean section.

In the near future, you should visit a psychologist. Given your increased sensitivity to all kinds of fears, you probably have something to talk to him about. But we recommend that you ask questions not only about pregnancy and childbirth, but mainly about how the family changes with the birth of a child (especially if this is your first child). Just a little bit is left and your family will increase by one person.

According to statistics, the overwhelming majority of young parents experience difficulties in the family during 1 year of a child's life. They have to get used to the fact that now they are not two, but three. Even if you are not your first child, this does not mean that there will be no difficulties, although you are better prepared for them.

According to statistics, about 70% of women experience postpartum depression. Most likely, there are much more of them, since traditionally in Russia a woman does not call her condition after childbirth depression. She believes that this is just fatigue and lack of sleep. But in fact, sleep deprivation exacerbates stress, stress exacerbates depression, depression leads to sleep disturbances - a vicious cycle.

The most common advice from psychologists is to redistribute responsibilities in the family so that the young mother has enough time to sleep. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize shopping, washing dishes, cleaning and preparing food as much as possible. If you have the means - hire a housekeeper or nanny, if the infrastructure allows - order delivery of groceries to your home, but, mainly, everything is solved with help from other family members.

And if this help is not available, then the young mother should worry as little as possible about the fact that something has not been done. She should take serious care not only of the baby's health, but also of her own health. In no case should you worry about having unwashed linen or unwashed dishes.

So what! First of all, do only those things that are vital, everything else - to the best of your ability. Choose sleep between bedtime and ironing or cooking. Between cleaning and self-care, choose self-care. Then the next time you will have strength for your homework, for your husband, and for your child, and for yourself.

Remember that prolonged depression can lead, at least, to divorce, and in the worst case - to psychosis and suicide. Therefore, a simple "lack of sleep" must be treated with utmost care. Although it is said that postpartum depression lasts for about 6 weeks, nothing really goes away.

Postpartum depression can develop into an ordinary long-term depression, when the whole world is not nice, chronic fatigue oppresses, headaches exhaust, interest in everything, even to your own child and yourself, is lost, a feeling of despair and hopelessness of existence covers.

You can fight this, you just need to know how. Talk to a psychologist about these issues. Do not dismiss a visit to him as an unnecessary formality. After all, after giving birth, you will most likely have no time to visit the psychotherapy room.

Also, start working on yourself now. After all, your sleep at this time leaves much to be desired? The body is already preparing for postpartum sleep deprivation. A large belly prevents you from sleeping. Therefore, try, firstly, to sleep during the day (you are already on maternity leave), adhere to a more or less firm regime (get up and go to bed at about the same time), do not drink a lot of coffee and liquids at night. Love yourself, love your baby - have more rest and take care of your nerves!

30 weeks - 31 weeks - 32 weeks


Watch the video: Eating well in your first trimester


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